Word List Memory Test This is an auditory-verbal recall test adopting the widely used
selective-reminding paradigm. Subjects have to recall as many as
possible of 16 words that have been auditorily presented by the computer. (This enables standardization of quality and speed of presentation). On the second trial, the computer repeats only those words that the subject has not recalled and the subject is then asked to try to recall all 16 words again. Following each presentation the examiner records the subjects' responses on a specially constructed screen, enabling immediate and automatic
scoring. This process is repeated up to 5 times in total. Multiple equivalent forms are available and separate versions are available with either 8 or 12 words for use in trials that include subjects with mild to moderate dementia.
. Welcome and instruction screen
. First learning phase - 16 words are presented
. First recall phase
. Second learning phase - only words not recalled are repeated
. Second recall phase
. Further learning and recall phases - up to a total of 5 or until all words are recalled
Verbal responses made by the subject are recorded by the tester on the touch screen using a constructed list of words on the left of the screen with tick boxes that display a cross mark when the word is selected. Once a word has been selected, a copy of it is added to the table display to the right side of the screen. Multiple choices of the same word are recorded by pressing the tick box more than once. Words that did not appear on the original list cannot be recorded, but the count of the total number of non-list words is recorded.
Total recall on first trial
Total learning (over all trials)
Percentage trial to trial transfer
Delayed recall correct
Delayed recognition discrimination (Pr)
Buschke, H., Fuld, P.A. (1974) Evaluating storage, retention and
retrieval in disordered memory and learning. Neurology 24: 1019-1025.
Masur, D.M., Fuld P.A., Blau, A.D., Thal, L.J., Levin, H.S., & Aronson, M.K. (1989) Distinguishing normal and demented elderly with the selective reminding test. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology11:5, 615-630